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  • Product Name
    KCNA1 Antibody
  • Catalog No.
  • RRID
  • Source
  • Application
  • Reactivity
    Human, Rat
  • Prediction
  • UniProt
  • Mol.Wt
  • Concentration
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Product Information

Alternative Names:Expand▼

AEMK; EA1; Episodic ataxia with myokymia; HBK1; HUK1; Kca1 1; Kcna1; KCNA1_HUMAN; Kcpvd; KV1.1; MBK1; mceph; MGC124402; MGC126782; MGC138385; MK1; MK1, mouse, homolog of KV1.1; Potassium channel protein 1; Potassium voltage gated channel shaker related subfamily member 1; Potassium voltage gated channel subfamily A member 1; Potassium voltage gated channel, shaker related subfamily, member 1 (episodic ataxia with myokymia); Potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily A member 1; RBK1; RCK1; Shak; Shaker related subfamily member 1; Voltage gated potassium channel subunit Kv1.1; Voltage-gated K(+) channel HuKI; Voltage-gated potassium channel HBK1; Voltage-gated potassium channel subunit Kv1.1;


WB 1:500-1:2000, ELISA(peptide) 1:20000-1:40000
*The optimal dilutions should be determined by the end user.


Human, Rat

Predicted Reactivity:







The antiserum was purified by peptide affinity chromatography using SulfoLink™ Coupling Resin (Thermo Fisher Scientific).


KCNA1 Antibody detects endogenous levels of total KCNA1.


Please cite this product as: Affinity Biosciences Cat# AF7543, RRID:AB_2843907.





Storage Condition and Buffer:

Rabbit IgG in phosphate buffered saline , pH 7.4, 150mM NaCl, 0.02% sodium azide and 50% glycerol.Store at -20 °C.Stable for 12 months from date of receipt.

Immunogen Information in 3D


A synthesized peptide derived from human KCNA1, corresponding to a region within C-terminal amino acids.


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Gene ID:

Gene Name:


Molecular Weight:

Observed Mol.Wt.: 57kD.
Predicted Mol.Wt.: 56kDa(Calculated)..

Subcellular Location:


Tissue Specificity:

Detected adjacent to nodes of Ranvier in juxtaparanodal zones in spinal cord nerve fibers, but also in paranodal regions in some myelinated spinal cord axons (at protein level) (PubMed:11086297). Detected in the islet of Langerhans (PubMed:21483673).


Research Background


Voltage-gated potassium channel that mediates transmembrane potassium transport in excitable membranes, primarily in the brain and the central nervous system, but also in the kidney. Contributes to the regulation of the membrane potential and nerve signaling, and prevents neuronal hyperexcitability. Forms tetrameric potassium-selective channels through which potassium ions pass in accordance with their electrochemical gradient. The channel alternates between opened and closed conformations in response to the voltage difference across the membrane. Can form functional homotetrameric channels and heterotetrameric channels that contain variable proportions of KCNA1, KCNA2, KCNA4, KCNA5, KCNA6, KCNA7, and possibly other family members as well; channel properties depend on the type of alpha subunits that are part of the channel. Channel properties are modulated by cytoplasmic beta subunits that regulate the subcellular location of the alpha subunits and promote rapid inactivation of delayed rectifier potassium channels. In vivo, membranes probably contain a mixture of heteromeric potassium channel complexes, making it difficult to assign currents observed in intact tissues to any particular potassium channel family member. Homotetrameric KCNA1 forms a delayed-rectifier potassium channel that opens in response to membrane depolarization, followed by slow spontaneous channel closure. In contrast, a heterotetrameric channel formed by KCNA1 and KCNA4 shows rapid inactivation. Regulates neuronal excitability in hippocampus, especially in mossy fibers and medial perforant path axons, preventing neuronal hyperexcitability. Response to toxins that are selective for KCNA1, respectively for KCNA2, suggests that heteromeric potassium channels composed of both KCNA1 and KCNA2 play a role in pacemaking and regulate the output of deep cerebellar nuclear neurons (By similarity). May function as down-stream effector for G protein-coupled receptors and inhibit GABAergic inputs to basolateral amygdala neurons (By similarity). May contribute to the regulation of neurotransmitter release, such as gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) release (By similarity). Plays a role in regulating the generation of action potentials and preventing hyperexcitability in myelinated axons of the vagus nerve, and thereby contributes to the regulation of heart contraction (By similarity). Required for normal neuromuscular responses. Regulates the frequency of neuronal action potential firing in response to mechanical stimuli, and plays a role in the perception of pain caused by mechanical stimuli, but does not play a role in the perception of pain due to heat stimuli (By similarity). Required for normal responses to auditory stimuli and precise location of sound sources, but not for sound perception (By similarity). The use of toxins that block specific channels suggest that it contributes to the regulation of the axonal release of the neurotransmitter dopamine (By similarity). Required for normal postnatal brain development and normal proliferation of neuronal precursor cells in the brain (By similarity). Plays a role in the reabsorption of Mg(2+) in the distal convoluted tubules in the kidney and in magnesium ion homeostasis, probably via its effect on the membrane potential.

Post-translational Modifications:


Palmitoylated on Cys-243; which may be required for membrane targeting.

Phosphorylated on tyrosine residues. Phosphorylation increases in response to NRG1; this inhibits channel activity (By similarity). Phosphorylation at Ser-446 regulates channel activity by down-regulating expression at the cell membrane.

Subcellular Location:

Cell membrane>Multi-pass membrane protein. Membrane. Cell projection>Axon. Cytoplasmic vesicle. Perikaryon. Endoplasmic reticulum. Cell projection>Dendrite. Cell junction. Cell junction>Synapse. Cell junction>Synapse>Presynaptic cell membrane. Cell junction>Synapse>Presynapse.
Note: Homotetrameric KCNA1 is primarily located in the endoplasmic reticulum. Interaction with KCNA2 and KCNAB2 or with KCNA4 and KCNAB2 promotes expression at the cell membrane (By similarity).

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte

Tissue Specificity:

Detected adjacent to nodes of Ranvier in juxtaparanodal zones in spinal cord nerve fibers, but also in paranodal regions in some myelinated spinal cord axons (at protein level). Detected in the islet of Langerhans.

Subunit Structure:

Homotetramer and heterotetramer with other channel-forming alpha subunits, such as KCNA2, KCNA4, KCNA5, KCNA6 and KCNA7. Channel activity is regulated by interaction with the beta subunits KCNAB1 and KCNAB2. Identified in a complex with KCNA2 and KCNAB2. Interacts (via C-terminus) with the PDZ domains of DLG1, DLG2 and DLG4 (By similarity). Interacts with LGI1 within a complex containing LGI1, KCNA4 and KCNAB1 (By similarity). Interacts (via N-terminus) with STX1A; this promotes channel inactivation (By similarity). Interacts (via N-terminus) with the heterodimer formed by GNB1 and GNG2; this promotes channel inactivation (By similarity). Can interact simultaneously with STX1A and the heterodimer formed by GNB1 and GNG2 (By similarity). Interacts (via cytoplasmic N-terminal domain) with KCNRG; this inhibits channel activity. Interacts with ANK3; this inhibits channel activity.


The cytoplasmic N-terminus is important for tetramerization and for interaction with the beta subunits that promote rapid channel closure.

The transmembrane segment S4 functions as voltage-sensor and is characterized by a series of positively charged amino acids at every third position. Channel opening and closing is effected by a conformation change that affects the position and orientation of the voltage-sensor paddle formed by S3 and S4 within the membrane. A transmembrane electric field that is positive inside would push the positively charged S4 segment outwards, thereby opening the pore, while a field that is negative inside would pull the S4 segment inwards and close the pore. Changes in the position and orientation of S4 are then transmitted to the activation gate formed by the inner helix bundle via the S4-S5 linker region.

Belongs to the potassium channel family. A (Shaker) (TC 1.A.1.2) subfamily. Kv1.1/KCNA1 sub-subfamily.

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Catalog Number :

(Blocking peptide available as AF7543-BP)

Price/Size :

Tips: For modified antibodies, we provide modified peptides(0.5mg) and non-modified peptides(0.5mg).

Function :

Blocking peptides are peptides that bind specifically to the target antibody and block antibody binding. These peptide usually contains the epitope recognized by the antibody. Antibodies bound to the blocking peptide no longer bind to the epitope on the target protein. This mechanism is useful when non-specific binding is an issue, for example, in Western blotting (immunoblot) and immunohistochemistry (IHC). By comparing the staining from the blocked antibody versus the antibody alone, one can see which staining is specific; Specific binding will be absent from the western blot or immunostaining performed with the neutralized antibody.

Format and storage :

Synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml DI water for a final concentration of 10 mg/ml.The purity is >90%,tested by HPLC and MS.Storage Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.

Precautions :

This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.

High similarity Medium similarity Low similarity No similarity
Q09470 as Substrate
Site PTM Type Enzyme
S306 Phosphorylation
S445 Phosphorylation
S446 Phosphorylation P17612 (PRKACA)
T448 Phosphorylation
IMPORTANT: For western blots, incubate membrane with diluted antibody in 5% w/v milk , 1X TBS, 0.1% Tween®20 at 4°C with gentle shaking, overnight.

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