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  • Product Name
    Cleaved-Caspase 3 (Asp175), p17 Antibody
  • Catalog No.
  • RRID
  • Source
  • Application
  • Reactivity
    Human, Mouse, Rat
  • Prediction
    Pig(100%), Bovine(100%), Horse(86%), Sheep(100%), Rabbit(86%), Dog(100%), Xenopus(86%)
  • UniProt
  • Mol.Wt
  • Concentration
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Product Information

Alternative Names:Expand▼

A830040C14Rik; Apopain; CASP-3; CASP3; CASP3_HUMAN; Casp3a; Caspase 3; Caspase 3, apoptosis-related cysteine peptidase; Caspase 3, apoptosis-related cysteine protease; Caspase 3, apoptosis-related cysteine protease a; Caspase-3 subunit p12; CC3; CPP-32; CPP32; CPP32B; Cysteine protease CPP32; EC; LICE; mldy; OTTHUMP00000165052; OTTHUMP00000165053; OTTHUMP00000165054; PARP cleavage protease; Procaspase3; protein Yama; SCA 1; SCA-1; SREBP cleavage activity 1; Yama;


WB 1:500-1:2000, IHC 1:50-1:200, IF/ICC 1:100-1:500, ELISA(peptide) 1:20000-1:40000
*The optimal dilutions should be determined by the end user.


Human, Mouse, Rat

Predicted Reactivity:

Pig(100%), Bovine(100%), Horse(86%), Sheep(100%), Rabbit(86%), Dog(100%), Xenopus(86%)






The antiserum was purified by peptide affinity chromatography using SulfoLink™ Coupling Resin (Thermo Fisher Scientific).


Cleaved-Caspase 3 (Asp175,p17) Antibody detects endogenous levels of fragment of activated Caspase 3 resulting from cleavage adjacent to Asp175.


Please cite this product as: Affinity Biosciences Cat# AF7022, RRID:AB_2835326.





Storage Condition and Buffer:

Rabbit IgG in phosphate buffered saline , pH 7.4, 150mM NaCl, 0.02% sodium azide and 50% glycerol.Store at -20 °C.Stable for 13 months from date of receipt.

Immunogen Information


The antiserum was produced against synthesized peptide derived from human Caspase 3.


>>Visit The Human Protein Atlas

Gene ID:

Gene Name:


Molecular Weight:

Observed Mol.Wt.: 17kD.
Predicted Mol.Wt.: 32kDa(Calculated)..

Subcellular Location:


Tissue Specificity:

Highly expressed in lung, spleen, heart, liver and kidney. Moderate levels in brain and skeletal muscle, and low in testis. Also found in many cell lines, highest expression in cells of the immune system.


This gene encodes a protein which is a member of the cysteine-aspartic acid protease (caspase) family. Sequential activation of caspases plays a central role in the execution-phase of cell apoptosis. Caspases exist as inactive proenzymes which undergo proteolytic processing at conserved aspartic residues to produce 2 subunits, large and small, that dimerize to form the active enzyme.


Research Background


Involved in the activation cascade of caspases responsible for apoptosis execution. At the onset of apoptosis it proteolytically cleaves poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) at a '216-Asp-|-Gly-217' bond. Cleaves and activates sterol regulatory element binding proteins (SREBPs) between the basic helix-loop-helix leucine zipper domain and the membrane attachment domain. Cleaves and activates caspase-6, -7 and -9. Involved in the cleavage of huntingtin. Triggers cell adhesion in sympathetic neurons through RET cleavage.

Post-translational Modifications:

Cleavage by granzyme B, caspase-6, caspase-8 and caspase-10 generates the two active subunits. Additional processing of the propeptides is likely due to the autocatalytic activity of the activated protease. Active heterodimers between the small subunit of caspase-7 protease and the large subunit of caspase-3 also occur and vice versa.

S-nitrosylated on its catalytic site cysteine in unstimulated human cell lines and denitrosylated upon activation of the Fas apoptotic pathway, associated with an increase in intracellular caspase activity. Fas therefore activates caspase-3 not only by inducing the cleavage of the caspase zymogen to its active subunits, but also by stimulating the denitrosylation of its active site thiol.

Subcellular Location:


Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionGraphics by Christian Stolte

Tissue Specificity:

Highly expressed in lung, spleen, heart, liver and kidney. Moderate levels in brain and skeletal muscle, and low in testis. Also found in many cell lines, highest expression in cells of the immune system.

Subunit Structure:

Heterotetramer that consists of two anti-parallel arranged heterodimers, each one formed by a 17 kDa (p17) and a 12 kDa (p12) subunit. Interacts with BIRC6/bruce.


Belongs to the peptidase C14A family.

Research Fields

Research Fields:

· Cellular Processes > Cell growth and death > p53 signaling pathway.(View pathway)
· Cellular Processes > Cell growth and death > Apoptosis.(View pathway)
· Cellular Processes > Cell growth and death > Apoptosis - multiple species.(View pathway)
· Environmental Information Processing > Signal transduction > TNF signaling pathway.(View pathway)
· Environmental Information Processing > Signal transduction > MAPK signaling pathway.(View pathway)
· Human Diseases > Cancers: Overview > Pathways in cancer.(View pathway)
· Human Diseases > Cancers: Specific types > Colorectal cancer.(View pathway)
· Human Diseases > Cancers: Overview > Proteoglycans in cancer.
· Human Diseases > Cancers: Overview > MicroRNAs in cancer.
· Human Diseases > Neurodegenerative diseases > Parkinson's disease.
· Human Diseases > Cardiovascular diseases > Viral myocarditis.
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Bacterial > Legionellosis.
· Human Diseases > Cancers: Specific types > Small cell lung cancer.(View pathway)
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Bacterial > Pertussis.
· Human Diseases > Neurodegenerative diseases > Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Viral > Herpes simplex infection.
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Parasitic > Amoebiasis.
· Human Diseases > Cancers: Overview > Viral carcinogenesis.
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Viral > Hepatitis B.
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Viral > Human papillomavirus infection.
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Bacterial > Epithelial cell signaling in Helicobacter pylori infection.
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Bacterial > Tuberculosis.
· Human Diseases > Drug resistance: Antineoplastic > Platinum drug resistance.
· Human Diseases > Neurodegenerative diseases > Huntington's disease.
· Human Diseases > Endocrine and metabolic diseases > Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).
· Human Diseases > Neurodegenerative diseases > Alzheimer's disease.
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Parasitic > Toxoplasmosis.
· Organismal Systems > Immune system > IL-17 signaling pathway.(View pathway)
· Organismal Systems > Immune system > Natural killer cell mediated cytotoxicity.(View pathway)
· Organismal Systems > Nervous system > Serotonergic synapse.

Reference Citations:

1). Li X;Wang J;Gong X;Zhang M;Kang S;Shu B;Wei Z;Huang ZS;Li D; et al. Upregulation of BCL-2 by acridone derivative through gene promoter i-motif for alleviating liver damage of NAFLD/NASH. Nucleic Acids Res 2020 Jul 25;gkaa615. (PubMed: 32710621) [IF=11.501]

2). Li X et al. Cyanidin-3-O-glucoside restores spermatogenic dysfunction in cadmium-exposed pubertal mice via histone ubiquitination and mitigating oxidative damage. J Hazard Mater 2019 Nov 17:121706 (PubMed: 31796358) [IF=9.038]

3). Zhou K;Zheng Z;Li Y;Han W;Zhang J;Mao Y;Chen H;Zhang W;Liu M;Xie L;Zhang H;Xu H;Xiao J; et al. TFE3, a potential therapeutic target for Spinal Cord Injury via augmenting autophagy flux and alleviating ER stress. Theranostics 2020 Jul 23;10(20):9280-9302. (PubMed: 32802192) [IF=8.579]

4). Yin L et al. Bacillus spore-based oral carriers loading curcumin for the therapy of colon cancer. J Control Release 2018 Feb 10;271:31-44 (PubMed: 29274436) [IF=7.727]

5). Feng X et al. Graphene oxide induces p62/SQSTM-dependent apoptosis through the impairment of autophagic flux and lysosomal dysfunction in PC12 cells. Acta Biomater 2018 Sep 28 (PubMed: 30273743) [IF=7.242]

6). Wu H;Hu X;Li Y;Chen Q;Sun T;Qiao Y;Qin W;Wu Z;Fu B;Zhao H;Zhang R;Wei M; et al. LNC473 regulating APAF1 IRES-dependent translation via competitive sponging miR574 and miR15b: Implications in colorectal cancer. Mol Ther Nucleic Acids 2020 Sep 4;21:764-779. (PubMed: 32784109) [IF=7.032]

7). Liu Y et al. Increased autophagy in EOC re-ascites cells can inhibit cell death and promote drug resistance. Cell Death Dis 2018 Apr 1;9(4):419 (PubMed: 29549251) [IF=6.304]

8). Zhu H et al. CircGCN1L1 promotes synoviocyte proliferation and chondrocyte apoptosis by targeting miR-330-3p and TNF-α in TMJ osteoarthritis. Cell Death Dis 2020 Apr 24;11(4):284 (PubMed: 32332704) [IF=6.304]

9). An K;Xue MJ;Zhong JY;Yu SN;Lan TS;Qi ZQ;Xia JJ; et al. Arsenic trioxide ameliorates experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis in C57BL/6 mice by inducing CD4+ T cell apoptosis. J Neuroinflammation 2020 May 6;17(1):147. (PubMed: 32375831) [IF=5.793]

10). Geng W;Ren J;Shi H;Qin F;Xu X;Xiao S;Jiao Y;Wang A; et al. RPL41 sensitizes retinoblastoma cells to chemotherapeutic drugs via ATF4 degradation. J Cell Physiol 2020 Aug 11. (PubMed: 32783256) [IF=5.546]

11). Ding Q et al. The role of the apoptosis-related protein BCL-B in the regulation of mitophagy in hepatic stellate cells during the regression of liver fibrosis. Exp Mol Med 2019 Jan 11;51(1):6 (PubMed: 30635551) [IF=5.418]

12). Zhao M;Chen L;Chen W;Meng Z;Hu K;Du S;Zhang L;Yin L;Wu B;Guan YQ; et al. Packaging cordycepin phycocyanin micelles for the inhibition of brain cancer. J Mater Chem B 2017 Aug 14;5(30):6016-6026. (PubMed: 32264358) [IF=5.344]

13). Wang L et al. Development of anisamide-targeted PEGylated gold nanorods to deliver epirubicin for chemo-photothermal therapy in tumor-bearing mice. Int J Nanomedicine 2019 Mar 8;14:1817-1833 (PubMed: 30880982) [IF=5.115]

14). Li Y;Wu Y;Jiang K;Han W;Zhang J;Xie L;Liu Y;Xiao J;Wang X; et al. Mangiferin Prevents TBHP-Induced Apoptosis and ECM Degradation in Mouse Osteoarthritic Chondrocytes via Restoring Autophagy and Ameliorates Murine Osteoarthritis. Oxid Med Cell Longev 2019 Oct 15;2019:8783197. (PubMed: 31885823) [IF=5.076]

15). Liu Z et al. MicroRNA-145 Protects against Myocardial Ischemia Reperfusion Injury via CaMKII-Mediated Antiapoptotic and Anti-Inflammatory Pathways. Oxid Med Cell Longev 2019 Sep 10;2019:8948657 (PubMed: 31583047) [IF=5.076]

16). Qi L et al. Curcumin Protects Human Trophoblast HTR8/SVneo Cells from H2O2-Induced Oxidative Stress by Activating Nrf2 Signaling Pathway. Antioxidants (Basel) 2020 Feb 1;9(2) (PubMed: 32024207) [IF=5.014]

17). Bao H et al. Lithium targeting of AMPK protects against cisplatin-induced acute kidney injury by enhancing autophagy in renal proximal tubular epithelial cells. FASEB J 2019 Oct 29:fj201901712R (PubMed: 31661633) [IF=4.966]

18). Li DF et al. The Optimal Outcome of Suppressing Ewing Sarcoma Growth in vivo With Biocompatible Bioengineered miR-34a-5p Prodrug. Front Oncol 2020 Feb 25;10:222 (PubMed: 32161722) [IF=4.848]

19). Yang H;Chen C;Chen H;Duan X;Li J;Zhou Y;Zeng W;Yang L; et al. Navitoclax (ABT263) reduces inflammation and promotes chondrogenic phenotype by clearing senescent osteoarthritic chondrocytes in osteoarthritis. Aging (Albany NY) 2020 Jul 1;12. (PubMed: 32611834) [IF=4.831]

20). Meng X;Zhang J;Wu H;Yu D;Fang X; et al. Akkermansia muciniphila Aspartic Protease Amuc_1434* Inhibits Human Colorectal Cancer LS174T Cell Viability via TRAIL-Mediated Apoptosis Pathway. Int J Mol Sci 2020 May 11;21(9):E3385. (PubMed: 32403433) [IF=4.556]

21). Yu Z;Li Q;Wang Y;Li P; et al. A Potent Protective Effect of Baicalein on Liver Injury by Regulating Mitochondria-Related Apoptosis. Apoptosis 2020 May 14. (PubMed: 32409930) [IF=4.543]

22). Xie J et al. 5-aminolevulinic acid photodynamic therapy reduces HPV viral load via autophagy and apoptosis by modulating Ras/Raf/MEK/ERK and PI3K/AKT pathways in HeLa cells. J Photochem Photobiol B 2019 May;194:46-55 (PubMed: 30925276) [IF=4.383]

23). Zhu Z et al. Perindopril Improves Cardiac Function by Enhancing the Expression of SIRT3 and PGC-1α in a Rat Model of Isoproterenol-Induced Cardiomyopathy. Front Pharmacol 2020 Feb 21;11:94 (PubMed: 32153406) [IF=4.225]

24). Le Y et al. NAP1L1 is a prognostic biomarker and contribute to doxorubicin chemotherapy resistance in human hepatocellular carcinoma. Cancer Cell Int 2019 Sep 5;19:228 (PubMed: 31516385) [IF=4.175]

25). Chen F et al. A ROS-mediated lysosomal-mitochondrial pathway is induced by ginsenoside Rh2 in hepatoma HepG2 cells. Food Funct 2015 Dec;6(12):3828-37 (PubMed: 26449932) [IF=4.171]

Application: WB    Species:human;    Sample:HepG2

Fig. 5 Involvement of caspases in apoptosis induced by GRh2. (A) After incubating GRh2-loaded cells with or without 1 μM of Leu. Caspase activity was determined as indicated in section 2. Enzymatic activity is expressed as fold induction with respect to non-treated cells and represents the mean values ± SD. of three different experiments. *p < 0.001 significantly different from the control; #p < 0.001 significantly different from the cells treated with GRh2 in the absence of Leu. (B) Western blot assays of active fragments of caspase-3 and -9. The results from one representative experiment are shown. (C) The histogram represents quantification of caspase-3 and caspase-9 protein expression levels in GRh2 stimulated HepG2 cell samples using ImageJ64 software (levels of control cells/β-actin defined as 1). Results are presented as mean ± S.D. with triplicate measurement. *P < 0.01 vs. the control group.

26). Ding M et al. Purkinje Cell Degeneration and Motor Coordination Deficits in a New Mouse Model of Autosomal Recessive Spastic Ataxia of Charlevoix-Saguenay. Front Mol Neurosci 2017 May 1;10:121 (PubMed: 28588446) [IF=4.057]

Application: WB    Species:human;    Sample:A172 cells

FIGURE 8 Lentiviral knock-down of Ankfy1 expression in A172 cells promotes apoptosis.

27). Li Y;Xiang J;Zhang J;Lin J;Wu Y;Wang X; et al. Inhibition of Brd4 by JQ1 Promotes Functional Recovery From Spinal Cord Injury by Activating Autophagy. Front Cell Neurosci 2020 Sep 2;14:555591. (PubMed: 32982695) [IF=3.921]

28). Zhai Z et al. Andrographolide prevents human breast cancer-induced osteoclastic bone loss via attenuated RANKL signaling. Breast Cancer Res Treat 2014 Feb;144(1):33-45 (PubMed: 24481680) [IF=3.831]

29). Li Y et al. Stabilization of Hypoxia Inducible Factor-1α by Dimethyloxalylglycine Promotes Recovery from Acute Spinal Cord Injury by Inhibiting Neural Apoptosis and Enhancing Axon Regeneration. J Neurotrauma 2019 Aug 1 (PubMed: 31232175) [IF=3.793]

30). Wei X;Yang W;Zhang F;Cheng F;Rao J;Lu L; et al. PIGU promotes hepatocellular carcinoma progression through activating NF-κB pathway and increasing immune escape. Life Sci 2020 Sep 21;260:118476. (PubMed: 32971102) [IF=3.647]

31). Yu G et al. The protective effect of low-energy shock wave on testicular ischemia-reperfusion injury is mediated by the PI3K/AKT/NRF2 pathway. Life Sci 2018 Oct 12 (PubMed: 30321543) [IF=3.647]

32). Li M;Xue Y;Yu H;Mao D; et al. Quercetin Alleviated H 2 O 2 -Induced Apoptosis and Steroidogenic Impairment in Goat Luteinized Granulosa Cells. J Biochem Mol Toxicol 2020 May 15;e22527. (PubMed: 32410385) [IF=3.606]

33). Tu X et al. Pretreatment of Grape Seed Proanthocyanidin Extract Exerts Neuroprotective Effect in Murine Model of Neonatal Hypoxic-ischemic Brain Injury by Its Antiapoptotic Property. Cell Mol Neurobiol 2019 May 30 (PubMed: 31147852) [IF=3.606]

34). Liu Y;Wen D;Gao J;Xie B;Yu H;Shen Q;Zhang J;Jing W;Cong B;Ma C; et al. Methamphetamine induces GSDME-dependent cell death in hippocampal neuronal cells through the endoplasmic reticulum stress pathway. Brain Res Bull 2020 Jun 13;S0361-9230(20)30516-5. (PubMed: 32544512) [IF=3.370]

35). Ma S et al. Sonophoresis Enhanced Transdermal Delivery of Cisplatin in the Xenografted Tumor Model of Cervical Cancer. Onco Targets Ther 2020 Jan 29;13:889-902 (PubMed: 32099393) [IF=3.337]

36). Ma S et al. Sonophoresis Enhanced Transdermal Delivery of Cisplatin in the Xenografted Tumor Model of Cervical Cancer. Onco Targets Ther 2020 Jan 29;13:889-902 (PubMed: 32099393) [IF=3.337]

37). Zhang W;Du Q;Bian P;Xiao Z;Wang X;Feng Y;Feng H;Zhu Z;Gao N;Zhu D;Fan X;Zhu Y; et al. Artesunate exerts anti-prolactinoma activity by inhibiting mitochondrial metabolism and inducing apoptosis. Ann Transl Med 2020 Jul;8(14):858. (PubMed: 32793702) [IF=3.297]

38). Shen YH et al. Ethyl Rosmarinate Protects High Glucose-Induced Injury in Human Endothelial Cells. Molecules 2018 Dec 19;23(12) (PubMed: 30572638) [IF=3.267]

39). Luetragoon T;Pankla Sranujit R;Noysang C;Thongsri Y;Potup P;Suphrom N;Nuengchamnong N;Usuwanthim K; et al. Anti-Cancer Effect of 3-Hydroxy-β-Ionone Identified from Moringa oleifera Lam. Leaf on Human Squamous Cell Carcinoma 15 Cell Line. Molecules 2020 Aug 5;25(16):E3563. (PubMed: 32764438) [IF=3.267]

40). Li H et al. Salidroside attenuates dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis in mice via SIRT1/FoxOs signaling pathway. Eur J Pharmacol 2019 Aug 8:172591 (PubMed: 31401159) [IF=3.263]

41). Li CL et al. Allicin alleviates inflammation of diabetic macroangiopathy via the Nrf2 and NF-kB pathway. Eur J Pharmacol 2020 Mar 2:173052 (PubMed: 32135124) [IF=3.263]

42). Zhao T et al. Ligustrazine suppresses neuron apoptosis via the Bax/Bcl-2 and caspase-3 pathway in PC12 cells and in rats with vascular dementia. IUBMB Life 2018 Jan;70(1):60-70 (PubMed: 29247598) [IF=3.244]

43). Zhao T et al. Ligustrazine suppresses neuron apoptosis via the Bax/Bcl-2 and caspase-3 pathway in PC12 cells and in rats with vascular dementia. IUBMB Life 2018 Jan;70(1):60-70 (PubMed: 29247598) [IF=3.244]

44). Zhao T et al. Ligustrazine suppresses neuron apoptosis via the Bax/Bcl-2 and caspase-3 pathway in PC12 cells and in rats with vascular dementia. IUBMB Life 2018 Jan;70(1):60-70 (PubMed: 29247598) [IF=3.244]

45). Zhao T et al. Ligustrazine suppresses neuron apoptosis via the Bax/Bcl-2 and caspase-3 pathway in PC12 cells and in rats with vascular dementia. IUBMB Life 2018 Jan;70(1):60-70 (PubMed: 29247598) [IF=3.244]

46). Zhao T et al. Ligustrazine suppresses neuron apoptosis via the Bax/Bcl-2 and caspase-3 pathway in PC12 cells and in rats with vascular dementia. IUBMB Life 2018 Jan;70(1):60-70 (PubMed: 29247598) [IF=3.244]

47). Zhao T et al. Ligustrazine suppresses neuron apoptosis via the Bax/Bcl-2 and caspase-3 pathway in PC12 cells and in rats with vascular dementia. IUBMB Life 2018 Jan;70(1):60-70 (PubMed: 29247598) [IF=3.244]

48). Zhou Y et al. Combination Therapy With Hyperbaric Oxygen and Erythropoietin Inhibits Neuronal Apoptosis and Improves Recovery in Rats With Spinal Cord Injury. Phys Ther 2019 Sep 2 (PubMed: 31504911) [IF=3.140]

49). Xu J et al. Inhibiting succinate dehydrogenase by dimethyl malonate alleviates brain damage in a rat model of cardiac arrest. Neuroscience 2018 Oct 6 (PubMed: 30300703) [IF=3.056]

50). Liu DH et al. Anticonvulsant and Neuroprotective Effects of Paeonol in Epileptic Rats. Neurochem Res 2019 Sep 13 (PubMed: 31520267) [IF=3.038]

51). Tian J;Yang L;Wang P;Yang L;Fan Z; et al. Exogenous CGRP Regulates Apoptosis and Autophagy to Alleviate Traumatic Brain Injury Through Akt/mTOR Signalling Pathway. Neurochem Res 2020 Oct 15. (PubMed: 33063244) [IF=3.038]

52). Feng Z et al. FTY720 attenuates intestinal injury and suppresses inflammation in experimental necrotizing enterocolitis via modulating CXCL5/CXCR2 axis. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2018 Nov 10;505(4):1032-1037 (PubMed: 30314693)

53). Chen WS et al. Investigation of dacomitinib on reducing cell necrosis and enhancing cell apoptosis in C6 glioma rat model by MRI. Biosci Rep 2019 Mar 6;39(3) (PubMed: 30782784)

54). Song J et al. Protective effect of Berberine on reproductive function and spermatogenesis in diabetic rats via inhibition of ROS/JAK2/NFκB pathway. Andrology 2020 Feb 3 (PubMed: 32012485)

55). Shang J et al. CircPAN3 mediates drug resistance in acute myeloid leukemia through the miR-153-5p/miR-183-5p-XIAP axis. Exp Hematol 2018 Nov 2 (PubMed: 30395908)

56). Lin L;Xin B;Jiang T;Wang XL;Yang H;Shi TM; et al. Long non-coding RNA LINC00460 promotes proliferation and inhibits apoptosis of cervical cancer cells by targeting microRNA-503-5p. Mol Cell Biochem 2020 Aug 1. (PubMed: 32740791)

57). Chen W et al. RhoB Acts as a Tumor Suppressor That Inhibits Malignancy of Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma. PLoS One 2016 Jul 6;11(7):e0157599 (PubMed: 27384222)

Application: WB    Species:human;    Sample:Not available

58). Qiuli H et al. [EXPRESS] Endoplasmic reticulum stress promoting caspase signaling pathway dependent apoptosis contributes to bone cancer pain in the spinal dorsal horn. Mol Pain 2019 Aug 27:1744806919876150 (PubMed: 31452457)

59). Li R et al. Transcription factor 3 controls cell proliferation and migration in glioblastoma multiforme cell lines. Biochem Cell Biol 2016 Jun;94(3):247-55 (PubMed: 27105323)

Application: WB    Species:human;    Sample:U251 and A172 cells

Fig. 5. Expression levels of the caspase-3 and cleaved caspase-3 protein in U251 and A172 cells. (A, C) The results of western blots showing the levels of caspase-3 and cleaved caspase-3 protein increased after TCF3 shRNA treatments in both cells. (B, D) Histograms showing quantization of western blot and the data was normalized against β-actin. Results of at least three independent experiments. *p<0.05, **p

60). Chen D et al. Quxie Capsule Inhibits Colon Tumor Growth Partially Through Foxo1-Mediated Apoptosis and Immune Modulation. Integr Cancer Ther 2019 Jan-Dec;18:1534735419846377 (PubMed: 31030593)

61). Wu Q;Chen J;Hu X;Zhu Y;Xie S;Wu C;Pei Z;Xiong S;Peng Y; et al. Amphiregulin Alleviated Concanavalin A-induced Acute Liver Injury via IL-22. Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol 2020 Aug 17;1-28. (PubMed: 32806961)

62). Zheng Z;Zhu W;Yang B;Chai R;Liu T;Li F;Ren G;Ji S;Liu S;Li G; et al. The co‑treatment of metformin with flavone synergistically induces apoptosis through inhibition of PI3K/AKT pathway in breast cancer cells. Oncol Lett 2018 Apr;15(4):5952-5958. (PubMed: 29552226)

63). Xiao Y et al. Clusterin increases mitochondrial respiratory chain complex I activity and protects against hexavalent chromium-induced cytotoxicity in L-02 hepatocytes. Toxicol Res (Camb) 2018 Nov 15;8(1):15-24 (PubMed: 30713657)

64). Liang Q et al. The role of IP3R-SOCCs in Cr(vi)-induced cytosolic Ca2+ overload and apoptosis in L-02 hepatocytes. Toxicol Res (Camb) 2018 Apr 26;7(3):521-528 (PubMed: 30090602)

65). Shang J et al. CircPAN3 contributes to drug resistance in acute myeloid leukemia through regulation of autophagy. Leuk Res 2019 Aug 2;85:106198 (PubMed: 31401408)

66). Li X;Tong J;Liu J;Wang Y; et al. Down-regulation of ROCK2 alleviates ethanol-induced cerebral nerve injury partly by the suppression of the NF-κB signaling pathway. Bioengineered 2020 Dec;11(1):779-790. (PubMed: 32684089)

67). Zhang W;Huang J;Tang Y;Yang Y;Hu H; et al. Inhibition of Fatty Acid Synthase (FASN) Affects the Proliferation and Apoptosis of HepG2 Hepatoma Carcinoma Cells via the β-catenin/C-myc Signaling Pathway. Ann Hepatol 2020 Mar 31;S1665-2681(20)30027-2. (PubMed: 32536483)

68). Zhang X et al. Neuroprotective Effect of Modified Xijiao Dihuang Decoction against Oxygen-Glucose Deprivation and Reoxygenation-Induced Injury in PC12 Cells: Involvement of TLR4-MyD88/NF-κB Signaling Pathway. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2017;2017:3848595 (PubMed: 29234386)

69). Zhang W et al. MicroRNA-124 expression in the brains of rats during early cerebral ischemia and reperfusion injury is associated with cell apoptosis involving STAT3. Exp Ther Med 2019 Apr;17(4):2870-2876 (PubMed: 30906474)

70). Zhang W et al. MicroRNA-124 expression in the brains of rats during early cerebral ischemia and reperfusion injury is associated with cell apoptosis involving STAT3. Exp Ther Med 2019 Apr;17(4):2870-2876 (PubMed: 30906474)

71). Huankai Yao et al. Protective effects of hederagenic acid on PC12 cells against the OGD/R-induced apoptosis via activating Nrf2/ARE signaling pathway. Med Chem Res 2020 Jan

72). Zhang X et al. Lappaconitine Sulfate Inhibits Proliferation and Induces Apoptosis in Human Hepatocellular Carcinoma HepG2 Cells through the Reactive Oxygen Species-Dependent Mitochondrial Pathway. Pharmacology 2020 Feb 14:1-10 (PubMed: 32062649)

73). Mei J et al. Shufengjiedu capsules protect against neuronal loss in olfactory epithelium and lung injury by enhancing autophagy in rats with allergic rhinitis. Biosci Trends 2020 Jan 20;13(6):530-538 (PubMed: 31866616)

74). Song Y et al. AMPK activation-dependent autophagy compromises oleanolic acid-induced cytotoxicity in human bladder cancer cells. Oncotarget 2017 Jul 4;8(40):67942-67954 (PubMed: 28978086)

Application: WB    Species:human;    Sample:Not available

75). Sun C et al. Hsa-miR-326 targets CCND1 and inhibits non-small cell lung cancer development. Oncotarget 2016 Feb 16;7(7):8341-59 (PubMed: 26840018)

Application: WB    Species:Not available;    Sample:Not available

Figure 8: Ectopic expression of miR-326 promotes apoptosis in A549 and SPC-A-1 cells. (C) Western-blot of Bcl2 protein in A549 and SPC-A-1 cells after transfection.

76). Wu D et al. Olaquindox disrupts tight junction integrity and cytoskeleton architecture in mouse Sertoli cells. Oncotarget 2017 Aug 16;8(51):88630-88644 (PubMed: 29179463)

77). et al. Soybean antigen protein induces caspase-3/mitochondrion-regulated apoptosis in IPEC-J2 cells.

78). et al. Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells-Derived Exosomes Promote Osteoporosis and Osteoblast Proliferation by Inhibiting Bax/Bcl-2/Caspase Signaling Pathway.

79). et al. Elevating sestrin2 attenuates endoplasmic reticulum stress and improves functional recovery through autophagy activation after spinal cord injury.

80). Liu S;Gong Y;Xu XD;Shen H;Gao S;Bao HD;Guo SB;Yu XF;Gong J; et al. MicroRNA‐936/ERBB4/Akt axis exhibits anticancer properties of gastric cancer through inhibition of cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. Kaohsiung J Med Sci 2020 Oct 5. (PubMed: 33021020)

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(Blocking peptide available as AF7022-BP)

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Tips: For phospho antibody, we provide phospho peptide(0.5mg) and non-phospho peptide(0.5mg).

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Blocking peptides are peptides that bind specifically to the target antibody and block antibody binding. These peptide usually contains the epitope recognized by the antibody. Antibodies bound to the blocking peptide no longer bind to the epitope on the target protein. This mechanism is useful when non-specific binding is an issue, for example, in Western blotting (immunoblot) and immunohistochemistry (IHC). By comparing the staining from the blocked antibody versus the antibody alone, one can see which staining is specific; Specific binding will be absent from the western blot or immunostaining performed with the neutralized antibody.

Format and storage :

Synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml DI water for a final concentration of 10 mg/ml.The purity is >90%,tested by HPLC and MS.Storage Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.

Precautions :

This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.

High similarity Medium similarity Low similarity No similarity
P42574 as Substrate
Site PTM Type Enzyme
M1 Acetylation
T4 Phosphorylation
S7 Phosphorylation
S10 Phosphorylation
K11 Acetylation
K11 Ubiquitination
S12 Phosphorylation
K14 Ubiquitination
K19 Ubiquitination
S24 Phosphorylation
S26 Phosphorylation
S29 Phosphorylation
Y41 Phosphorylation
K57 Ubiquitination
S65 Phosphorylation
T67 Phosphorylation
K82 Acetylation
K82 Ubiquitination
K88 Ubiquitination
K105 Ubiquitination
K138 Ubiquitination
S150 Phosphorylation Q16539 (MAPK14)
T152 Phosphorylation
C163 S-Nitrosylation
T174 Phosphorylation
S176 Phosphorylation
K210 Ubiquitination
K229 Ubiquitination
S249 Phosphorylation
K260 Ubiquitination
T270 Phosphorylation
IMPORTANT: For western blots, incubate membrane with diluted antibody in 5% w/v milk , 1X TBS, 0.1% Tween®20 at 4°C with gentle shaking, overnight.

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