Product Info

ELISA 1:10000, WB 1:500-1:2000, IHC 1:200-1:1000, IF/ICC 1:200-1:1000, FCM 1:200-1:400
*The optimal dilutions should be determined by the end user.

WB: For western blot detection of denatured protein samples. IHC: For immunohistochemical detection of paraffin sections (IHC-p) or frozen sections (IHC-f) of tissue samples. IF/ICC: For immunofluorescence detection of cell samples. ELISA(peptide): For ELISA detection of antigenic peptide.

Monoclonal [AFB1981]
CCL2 antibody detects endogenous levels of total CCL2.
Cite Format: Affinity Biosciences Cat# BF0556, RRID:AB_2834003.
Mouse IgG1 in phosphate buffered saline (without Mg2+ and Ca2+), pH 7.4, 150mM NaCl, 0.02% sodium azide and 50% glycerol. Store at -20 °C. Stable for 12 months from date of receipt.


C-C motif chemokine 2; CCL2; CCL2_HUMAN; Chemokine (C C motif) ligand 2; GDCF 2; GDCF-2; GDCF2; HC11; HSMCR30; JE; MCAF; MCP 1; MCP-1; MCP1; MGC9434; Monocyte chemoattractant protein 1; Monocyte chemotactic and activating factor; Monocyte chemotactic protein 1; Monocyte secretory protein JE; SCYA2; Small inducible cytokine A2 (monocyte chemotactic protein 1, homologous to mouse Sig je); Small inducible cytokine A2; Small inducible cytokine subfamily A (Cys Cys), member 2; Small-inducible cytokine A2; SMC CF; SMC-CF; SMCCF;



Purified recombinant fragment of human CCL2 expressed in E. Coli.

P13500 CCL2_HUMAN:

Expressed in the seminal plasma, endometrial fluid and follicular fluid (at protein level) (PubMed:23765988). Expressed in monocytes (PubMed:2513477).

This gene is one of several cytokine genes clustered on the q-arm of chromosome 17. Cytokines are a family of secreted proteins involved in immunoregulatory and inflammatory processes. The protein encoded by this gene is structurally related to the CXC subfamily of cytokines. Members of this subfamily are characterized by two cysteines separated by a single amino acid. This cytokine displays chemotactic activity for monocytes and basophils but not for neutrophils or eosinophils. It has been implicated in the pathogenesis of diseases characterized by monocytic infiltrates, like psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis and atherosclerosis. It binds to chemokine receptors CCR2 and CCR4.

Research Backgrounds


Acts as a ligand for C-C chemokine receptor CCR2. Signals through binding and activation of CCR2 and induces a strong chemotactic response and mobilization of intracellular calcium ions. Exhibits a chemotactic activity for monocytes and basophils but not neutrophils or eosinophils. May be involved in the recruitment of monocytes into the arterial wall during the disease process of atherosclerosis.


Processing at the N-terminus can regulate receptor and target cell selectivity. Deletion of the N-terminal residue converts it from an activator of basophil to an eosinophil chemoattractant.


Subcellular Location:


Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionSubcellular location
Tissue Specificity:

Expressed in the seminal plasma, endometrial fluid and follicular fluid (at protein level). Expressed in monocytes.

Subunit Structure:

Monomer or homodimer; in equilibrium. Is tethered on endothelial cells by glycosaminoglycan (GAG) side chains of proteoglycans.


Belongs to the intercrine beta (chemokine CC) family.

Research Fields

· Environmental Information Processing > Signaling molecules and interaction > Cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction.   (View pathway)

· Environmental Information Processing > Signal transduction > TNF signaling pathway.   (View pathway)

· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Parasitic > Chagas disease (American trypanosomiasis).

· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Parasitic > Malaria.

· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Viral > Influenza A.

· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Viral > Herpes simplex infection.

· Human Diseases > Immune diseases > Rheumatoid arthritis.

· Organismal Systems > Immune system > Chemokine signaling pathway.   (View pathway)

· Organismal Systems > Immune system > NOD-like receptor signaling pathway.   (View pathway)

· Organismal Systems > Immune system > IL-17 signaling pathway.   (View pathway)


1). Tao HC et al. CD47 Deficiency in Mice Exacerbates Chronic Fatty Diet-Induced Steatohepatitis Through Its Role in Regulating Hepatic Inflammation and Lipid Metabolism. Frontiers in Immunology 2020 Feb 25;11:148 (PubMed: 32158445) [IF=7.3]

Application: IHC    Species: mouse    Sample: Liver

FIGURE 5 | CD47 deficiency enhances HFD-induced inflammation and monocyte/macrophage infiltration in the liver. (A–E) Relative mRNA levels of IL-1β (A), IL-6(B), IL-10 (C), TNFα (D), and C-C motif ligand 2 (CCL2) (E). Gene expression levels were determined by quantitative real-time PCR and normalized to β-actin (n = 4 per group). Data are presented as mean ± SD. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***P < 0.001; and ****P < 0.0001. (F) Liver sections were immunohistochemistry (IHC)-stained for CCL2. Six samples per group were examined, and representative images are shown (scale bar represents 20 µm).

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