Ku70 Antibody - #AF0300
*The optimal dilutions should be determined by the end user.
WB: For western blot detection of denatured protein samples. IHC: For immunohistochemical detection of paraffin sections (IHC-p) or frozen sections (IHC-f) of tissue samples. IF/ICC: For immunofluorescence detection of cell samples. ELISA(peptide): For ELISA detection of antigenic peptide.
Cite Format: Affinity Biosciences Cat# AF0300, RRID:AB_2833465.
5''-deoxyribose-5-phosphate lyase Ku70; 5''-dRP lyase Ku70; 70 kDa subunit of Ku antigen; ATP dependent DNA helicase 2 subunit 1; ATP dependent DNA helicase II 70 kDa subunit; ATP-dependent DNA helicase 2 subunit 1; ATP-dependent DNA helicase II 70 kDa subunit; CTC box binding factor 75 kDa subunit; CTC box-binding factor 75 kDa subunit; CTC75; CTCBF; DNA repair protein XRCC6; G22P1; Ku 70; Ku autoantigen p70 subunit; Ku autoantigen, 70kDa; Ku p70; Ku70; Ku70 DNA binding component of DNA-dependent proteinkinase complex (thyroid autoantigen 70 kDa; Kup70; Lupus Ku autoantigen protein p70; ML8; Thyroid autoantigen 70kD (Ku antigen); Thyroid autoantigen; Thyroid lupus autoantigen; Thyroid lupus autoantigen p70; Thyroid-lupus autoantigen; TLAA; X ray repair complementing defective repair in Chinese hamster cells 6; X-ray repair complementing defective repair in Chinese hamster cells 6; X-ray repair cross-complementing protein 6; XRCC 6; Xrcc6; XRCC6_HUMAN;
A synthesized peptide derived from human Ku70
PTMs - P12956 As Substrate
|S27||Phosphorylation||P78527 (PRKDC) , Q13315 (ATM)||Uniprot|
|S33||Phosphorylation||Q13315 (ATM) , P78527 (PRKDC)||Uniprot|
Single-stranded DNA-dependent ATP-dependent helicase. Has a role in chromosome translocation. The DNA helicase II complex binds preferentially to fork-like ends of double-stranded DNA in a cell cycle-dependent manner. It works in the 3'-5' direction. Binding to DNA may be mediated by XRCC6. Involved in DNA non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) required for double-strand break repair and V(D)J recombination. The XRCC5/6 dimer acts as regulatory subunit of the DNA-dependent protein kinase complex DNA-PK by increasing the affinity of the catalytic subunit PRKDC to DNA by 100-fold. The XRCC5/6 dimer is probably involved in stabilizing broken DNA ends and bringing them together. The assembly of the DNA-PK complex to DNA ends is required for the NHEJ ligation step. Required for osteocalcin gene expression. Probably also acts as a 5'-deoxyribose-5-phosphate lyase (5'-dRP lyase), by catalyzing the beta-elimination of the 5' deoxyribose-5-phosphate at an abasic site near double-strand breaks. 5'-dRP lyase activity allows to 'clean' the termini of abasic sites, a class of nucleotide damage commonly associated with strand breaks, before such broken ends can be joined. The XRCC5/6 dimer together with APEX1 acts as a negative regulator of transcription. Plays a role in the regulation of DNA virus-mediated innate immune response by assembling into the HDP-RNP complex, a complex that serves as a platform for IRF3 phosphorylation and subsequent innate immune response activation through the cGAS-STING pathway.
Phosphorylation by PRKDC may enhance helicase activity. Phosphorylation of Ser-51 does not affect DNA repair.
ADP-ribosylated by PARP3.
Heterodimer composed of XRCC5/Ku80 and XRCC6/Ku70. The dimer associates in a DNA-dependent manner with PRKDC to form the DNA-dependent protein kinase complex DNA-PK, and with the LIG4-XRCC4 complex to form the core of the non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) complex. Additional components of the NHEJ complex include NHEJ1/XLF and PAXX. The dimer also associates with NAA15, and this complex binds to the osteocalcin promoter and activates osteocalcin expression. In addition, XRCC6 interacts with the osteoblast-specific transcription factors MSX2, RUNX2 and DLX5. Interacts with ELF3. Interacts with ATP23. The XRCC5/6 dimer associates in a DNA-dependent manner with APEX1. Binds to CDK9 isoform 2. Identified in a complex with DEAF1 and XRCC5. Interacts with DEAF1 (via the SAND domain); the interaction is direct and may be inhibited by DNA-binding. Interacts with CLU (By similarity). Interacts with NR4A3; the DNA-dependent protein kinase complex DNA-PK phosphorylates and activates NR4A3 and prevents NR4A3 ubiquitinylation and degradation. Interacts with CYREN isoform 1 (CYREN-1) and isoform 4 (CYREN-2). Interacts (via N-terminus) with HSF1 (via N-terminus); this interaction is direct and prevents XRCC5/XRCC6 heterodimeric binding and non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) repair activities induced by ionizing radiation (IR). Part of the HDP-RNP complex composed of at least HEXIM1, PRKDC, XRCC5, XRCC6, paraspeckle proteins (SFPQ, NONO, PSPC1, RBM14, and MATR3) and NEAT1 RNA. Interacts with HMBOX1.
(Microbial infection) Interacts with human T-cell leukemia virus 1/HTLV-1 protein HBZ.
Belongs to the ku70 family.
· Genetic Information Processing > Replication and repair > Non-homologous end-joining.
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