Bcl-2 Antibody - #AF0769
*The optimal dilutions should be determined by the end user.
WB: For western blot detection of denatured protein samples. IHC: For immunohistochemical detection of paraffin sections (IHC-p) or frozen sections (IHC-f) of tissue samples. IF/ICC: For immunofluorescence detection of cell samples. ELISA(peptide): For ELISA detection of antigenic peptide.
Cite Format: Affinity Biosciences Cat# AF0769, RRID:AB_2834113.
Apoptosis regulator Bcl 2; Apoptosis regulator Bcl-2; Apoptosis regulator Bcl2; AW986256; B cell CLL/lymphoma 2; B cell leukemia/lymphoma 2; Bcl-2; Bcl2; BCL2_HUMAN; C430015F12Rik; D630044D05Rik; D830018M01Rik; Leukemia/lymphoma, B-cell, 2; Oncogene B-cell leukemia 2; PPP1R50; Protein phosphatase 1, regulatory subunit 50;
Expressed in a variety of tissues.
PTMs - P10415 As Substrate
|T56||Phosphorylation||Q16539 (MAPK14) , P06493 (CDK1) , P53779 (MAPK10) , P28482 (MAPK1) , P27361 (MAPK3)||Uniprot|
|S70||Phosphorylation||P27361 (MAPK3) , P06493 (CDK1) , P53779 (MAPK10) , P17252 (PRKCA) , Q00534 (CDK6) , P28482 (MAPK1) , P45983 (MAPK8)||Uniprot|
|T74||Phosphorylation||P28482 (MAPK1) , P53779 (MAPK10) , P27361 (MAPK3)||Uniprot|
|S87||Phosphorylation||Q16539 (MAPK14) , P45983 (MAPK8) , Q00534 (CDK6) , P27361 (MAPK3) , P28482 (MAPK1) , P53779 (MAPK10)||Uniprot|
Suppresses apoptosis in a variety of cell systems including factor-dependent lymphohematopoietic and neural cells. Regulates cell death by controlling the mitochondrial membrane permeability. Appears to function in a feedback loop system with caspases. Inhibits caspase activity either by preventing the release of cytochrome c from the mitochondria and/or by binding to the apoptosis-activating factor (APAF-1). May attenuate inflammation by impairing NLRP1-inflammasome activation, hence CASP1 activation and IL1B release.
Phosphorylation/dephosphorylation on Ser-70 regulates anti-apoptotic activity. Growth factor-stimulated phosphorylation on Ser-70 by PKC is required for the anti-apoptosis activity and occurs during the G2/M phase of the cell cycle. In the absence of growth factors, BCL2 appears to be phosphorylated by other protein kinases such as ERKs and stress-activated kinases. Phosphorylated by MAPK8/JNK1 at Thr-69, Ser-70 and Ser-87, wich stimulates starvation-induced autophagy. Dephosphorylated by protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) (By similarity).
Proteolytically cleaved by caspases during apoptosis. The cleaved protein, lacking the BH4 motif, has pro-apoptotic activity, causes the release of cytochrome c into the cytosol promoting further caspase activity.
Monoubiquitinated by PRKN, leading to increase its stability. Ubiquitinated by SCF(FBXO10), leading to its degradation by the proteasome.
Mitochondrion outer membrane>Single-pass membrane protein. Nucleus membrane>Single-pass membrane protein. Endoplasmic reticulum membrane>Single-pass membrane protein.
Expressed in a variety of tissues.
Forms homodimers, and heterodimers with BAX, BAD, BAK and Bcl-X(L). Heterodimerization with BAX requires intact BH1 and BH2 motifs, and is necessary for anti-apoptotic activity. Interacts with EI24 (By similarity). Also interacts with APAF1, BBC3, BCL2L1, BNIPL, MRPL41 and TP53BP2. Binding to FKBP8 seems to target BCL2 to the mitochondria and probably interferes with the binding of BCL2 to its targets. Interacts with BAG1 in an ATP-dependent manner. Interacts with RAF1 (the 'Ser-338' and 'Ser-339' phosphorylated form). Interacts (via the BH4 domain) with EGLN3; the interaction prevents the formation of the BAX-BCL2 complex and inhibits the anti-apoptotic activity of BCL2. Interacts with G0S2; this interaction also prevents the formation of the anti-apoptotic BAX-BCL2 complex. Interacts with RTL10/BOP. Interacts with the SCF(FBXO10) complex. Interacts (via the loop between motifs BH4 and BH3) with NLRP1 (via LRR repeats), but not with NLRP2, NLRP3, NLRP4, PYCARD, nor MEFV. Interacts with GIMAP3/IAN4, GIMAP4/IAN1 and GIMAP5/IAN5 (By similarity).
BH1 and BH2 domains are required for the interaction with BAX and for anti-apoptotic activity.
The BH4 motif is required for anti-apoptotic activity and for interaction with RAF1 and EGLN3.
The loop between motifs BH4 and BH3 is required for the interaction with NLRP1.
Belongs to the Bcl-2 family.
· Human Diseases > Drug resistance: Antineoplastic > EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor resistance.
· Human Diseases > Drug resistance: Antineoplastic > Endocrine resistance.
· Human Diseases > Drug resistance: Antineoplastic > Platinum drug resistance.
· Human Diseases > Neurodegenerative diseases > Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Parasitic > Toxoplasmosis.
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Bacterial > Tuberculosis.
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Viral > Hepatitis B.
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Viral > Epstein-Barr virus infection.
· Human Diseases > Cancers: Overview > MicroRNAs in cancer.
· Organismal Systems > Nervous system > Cholinergic synapse.
Application: WB Species: rat Sample: PC12 cells
Application: WB Species: human Sample: HepG2
Application: WB Species: human Sample: MDA‑MB‑231 and MCF‑7 cells
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