Phospho-IKK gamma (Ser31) Antibody - #AF3495
|Product:||Phospho-IKK gamma (Ser31) Antibody|
|Description:||Rabbit polyclonal antibody to Phospho-IKK gamma (Ser31)|
|Application:||WB IHC IF/ICC|
|Prediction:||Pig, Bovine, Horse, Sheep, Rabbit, Dog|
*The optimal dilutions should be determined by the end user.
WB: For western blot detection of denatured protein samples. IHC: For immunohistochemical detection of paraffin sections (IHC-p) or frozen sections (IHC-f) of tissue samples. IF/ICC: For immunofluorescence detection of cell samples. ELISA(peptide): For ELISA detection of antigenic peptide.
Cite Format: Affinity Biosciences Cat# AF3495, RRID:AB_2834790.
IkB kinase associated protein 1; IkB kinase subunit gamma; Inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa B kinase subunit gamma; AMCBX1; FIP 3; FIP-3; FIP3; Fip3p; I kappa B kinase gamma; I-kappa-B kinase subunit gamma; IkB kinase gamma subunit; IkB kinase subunit gamma; IkB kinase-associated protein 1; Ikbkg; IKK-gamma; IKKAP1; IKKG; IMD33; Incontinentia pigmenti; Inhibitor of kappa light polypeptide gene enhancer in B cells, kinase gamma; Inhibitor of kappa light polypeptide gene enhancer in B cells, kinase of, gamma; Inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa-B kinase subunit gamma; IP; IP1; IP2; IPD2; NEMO; NEMO_HUMAN; NF kappa B essential modifier; NF kappa B essential modulator; NF-kappa-B essential modifier; NF-kappa-B essential modulator; ZC2HC9;
Heart, brain, placenta, lung, liver, skeletal muscle, kidney and pancreas.
Score>80(red) has high confidence and is suggested to be used for WB detection. *The prediction model is mainly based on the alignment of immunogen sequences, the results are for reference only, not as the basis of quality assurance.
High(score>80) Medium(80>score>50) Low(score<50) No confidence
PTMs - Q9Y6K9 As Substrate
|S85||Phosphorylation||Q13315 (ATM) , O14920 (IKBKB)||Uniprot|
PTMs - Q9Y6K9 As Enzyme
Regulatory subunit of the IKK core complex which phosphorylates inhibitors of NF-kappa-B thus leading to the dissociation of the inhibitor/NF-kappa-B complex and ultimately the degradation of the inhibitor. Its binding to scaffolding polyubiquitin seems to play a role in IKK activation by multiple signaling receptor pathways. However, the specific type of polyubiquitin recognized upon cell stimulation (either 'Lys-63'-linked or linear polyubiquitin) and its functional importance is reported conflictingly. Also considered to be a mediator for TAX activation of NF-kappa-B. Could be implicated in NF-kappa-B-mediated protection from cytokine toxicity. Essential for viral activation of IRF3. Involved in TLR3- and IFIH1-mediated antiviral innate response; this function requires 'Lys-27'-linked polyubiquitination.
Phosphorylation at Ser-68 attenuates aminoterminal homodimerization.
Polyubiquitinated on Lys-285 through 'Lys-63'; the ubiquitination is mediated by NOD2 and RIPK2 and probably plays a role in signaling by facilitating interactions with ubiquitin domain-containing proteins and activates the NF-kappa-B pathway. Polyubiquitinated on Lys-399 through 'Lys-63'; the ubiquitination is mediated by BCL10, MALT1 and TRAF6 and probably plays a role in signaling by facilitating interactions with ubiquitin domain-containing proteins and activates the NF-kappa-B pathway. Monoubiquitinated on Lys-277 and Lys-309; promotes nuclear export. Polyubiquitinated through 'Lys-27' by TRIM23; involved in antiviral innate and inflammatory responses. Linear polyubiquitinated on Lys-111, Lys-143, Lys-226, Lys-246, Lys-264, Lys-277, Lys-285, Lys-292, Lys-302, Lys-309 and Lys-326; the head-to-tail polyubiquitination is mediated by the LUBAC complex and plays a key role in NF-kappa-B activation. Deubiquitinated by USP10 in a TANK-dependent and -independent manner, leading to the negative regulation of NF-kappa-B signaling upon DNA damage.
Sumoylated on Lys-277 and Lys-309 with SUMO1; the modification results in phosphorylation of Ser-85 by ATM leading to a replacement of the sumoylation by mono-ubiquitination on these residues.
Neddylated by TRIM40, resulting in stabilization of NFKBIA and down-regulation of NF-kappa-B activity.
(Microbial infection) Cleaved by hepatitis A virus (HAV) protease 3C allowing the virus to disrupt the host innate immune signaling.
(Microbial infection) Polyubiquitinated on Lys-309 and Lys-321 via 'Lys-27'-linked ubiquitin by Shigella flexneri E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase ipah9.8, leading to its degradation by the proteasome.
Note: Sumoylated NEMO accumulates in the nucleus in response to genotoxic stress.
Heart, brain, placenta, lung, liver, skeletal muscle, kidney and pancreas.
Homodimer; disulfide-linked. Component of the I-kappa-B-kinase (IKK) core complex consisting of CHUK, IKBKB and IKBKG; probably four alpha/CHUK-beta/IKBKB dimers are associated with four gamma/IKBKG subunits. The IKK core complex seems to associate with regulatory or adapter proteins to form a IKK-signalosome holo-complex. The IKK complex associates with TERF2IP/RAP1, leading to promote IKK-mediated phosphorylation of RELA/p65. Part of a complex composed of NCOA2, NCOA3, CHUK/IKKA, IKBKB, IKBKG and CREBBP. Interacts with COPS3, CYLD, NALP2, TRPC4AP and PIDD1. Interacts with ATM; the complex is exported from the nucleus. Interacts with TRAF6. Interacts with IKBKE. Interacts with TANK; the interaction is enhanced by IKBKE and TBK1. Part of a ternary complex consisting of TANK, IKBKB and IKBKG. Interacts with ZFAND5. Interacts with RIPK2. Interacts with TNIP1 and TNFAIP3; TNIP1 facilitates the TNFAIP3-mediated de-ubiquitination of IKBKG. Interacts with TNFAIP3; the interaction is induced by TNF stimulation and by polyubiquitin. Binds polyubiquitin; the interaction is mediated by two domains; reports about the binding to 'Lys-63'-linked and/or linear polyubiquitin, respective binding affinities and stoichiometry are conflicting. Interacts with NLRP10. Interacts with TANK; this interaction increases in response to DNA damage. Interacts with USP10; this interaction increases in response to DNA damage. Interacts with ZC3H12A; this interaction increases in response to DNA damage. Interacts with IFIT5; the interaction synergizes the recruitment of IKK to MAP3K7 and enhances IKK phosphorylation. Interacts with TRIM29; this interaction induces IKBKG/NEMO ubiquitination and proteolytic degradation. Interacts with TRIM13; this interaction leads to IKBKG/NEMO ubiquitination. Interacts with ARFIP2. Interacts with RIPK1 (By similarity).
(Microbial infection) Interacts with Molluscum contagiosum virus protein MC005; this interaction inhibits NF-kappa-B activation.
(Microbial infection) Interacts with HTLV-1 Tax oncoprotein; the interaction activates IKBKG.
(Microbial infection) Interacts with Shigella flexneri ipah9.8; the interaction promotes TNIP1-dependent 'Lys-27'-linked polyubiquitination of IKBKG which perturbs NF-kappa-B activation during bacterial infection.
The leucine-zipper domain and the CCHC NOA-type zinc-finger are essential for polyubiquitin binding and for the activation of IRF3.
· Human Diseases > Drug resistance: Antineoplastic > Antifolate resistance.
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Bacterial > Epithelial cell signaling in Helicobacter pylori infection.
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Bacterial > Shigellosis.
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Parasitic > Chagas disease (American trypanosomiasis).
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Parasitic > Toxoplasmosis.
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Viral > Hepatitis C.
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Viral > Hepatitis B.
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Viral > Human papillomavirus infection.
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Viral > HTLV-I infection.
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Viral > Herpes simplex infection.
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Viral > Epstein-Barr virus infection.
· Human Diseases > Cancers: Overview > Viral carcinogenesis.
· Human Diseases > Immune diseases > Primary immunodeficiency.
· Organismal Systems > Endocrine system > Adipocytokine signaling pathway.
Affinity Biosciences tests all products strictly. Citations are provided as a resource for additional applications that have not been validated by Affinity Biosciences. Please choose the appropriate format for each application and consult Materials and Methods sections for additional details about the use of any product in these publications.
For Research Use Only.
Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures. Not for resale. Not for distribution without written consent. Affinity Biosciences will not be held responsible for patent infringement or other violations that may occur with the use of our products. Affinity Biosciences, Affinity Biosciences Logo and all other trademarks are the property of Affinity Biosciences LTD.