Phospho-IKK gamma (Ser85) Antibody - #AF3496
*The optimal dilutions should be determined by the end user.
WB: For western blot detection of denatured protein samples. IHC: For immunohistochemical detection of paraffin sections (IHC-p) or frozen sections (IHC-f) of tissue samples. IF/ICC: For immunofluorescence detection of cell samples. ELISA(peptide): For ELISA detection of antigenic peptide.
Cite Format: Affinity Biosciences Cat# AF3496, RRID:AB_2834791.
IkB kinase associated protein 1; IkB kinase subunit gamma; Inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa B kinase subunit gamma; AMCBX1; FIP 3; FIP-3; FIP3; Fip3p; I kappa B kinase gamma; I-kappa-B kinase subunit gamma; IkB kinase gamma subunit; IkB kinase subunit gamma; IkB kinase-associated protein 1; Ikbkg; IKK-gamma; IKKAP1; IKKG; IMD33; Incontinentia pigmenti; Inhibitor of kappa light polypeptide gene enhancer in B cells, kinase gamma; Inhibitor of kappa light polypeptide gene enhancer in B cells, kinase of, gamma; Inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa-B kinase subunit gamma; IP; IP1; IP2; IPD2; NEMO; NEMO_HUMAN; NF kappa B essential modifier; NF kappa B essential modulator; NF-kappa-B essential modifier; NF-kappa-B essential modulator; ZC2HC9;
Heart, brain, placenta, lung, liver, skeletal muscle, kidney and pancreas.
Score>80(red) has high confidence and is suggested to be used for WB detection. *The prediction model is mainly based on the alignment of immunogen sequences, the results are for reference only, not as the basis of quality assurance.
High(score>80) Medium(80>score>50) Low(score<50) No confidence
PTMs - Q9Y6K9 As Substrate
|S85||Phosphorylation||Q13315 (ATM) , O14920 (IKBKB)||Uniprot|
PTMs - Q9Y6K9 As Enzyme
Regulatory subunit of the IKK core complex which phosphorylates inhibitors of NF-kappa-B thus leading to the dissociation of the inhibitor/NF-kappa-B complex and ultimately the degradation of the inhibitor. Its binding to scaffolding polyubiquitin seems to play a role in IKK activation by multiple signaling receptor pathways. However, the specific type of polyubiquitin recognized upon cell stimulation (either 'Lys-63'-linked or linear polyubiquitin) and its functional importance is reported conflictingly. Also considered to be a mediator for TAX activation of NF-kappa-B. Could be implicated in NF-kappa-B-mediated protection from cytokine toxicity. Essential for viral activation of IRF3. Involved in TLR3- and IFIH1-mediated antiviral innate response; this function requires 'Lys-27'-linked polyubiquitination.
Phosphorylation at Ser-68 attenuates aminoterminal homodimerization.
Polyubiquitinated on Lys-285 through 'Lys-63'; the ubiquitination is mediated by NOD2 and RIPK2 and probably plays a role in signaling by facilitating interactions with ubiquitin domain-containing proteins and activates the NF-kappa-B pathway. Polyubiquitinated on Lys-399 through 'Lys-63'; the ubiquitination is mediated by BCL10, MALT1 and TRAF6 and probably plays a role in signaling by facilitating interactions with ubiquitin domain-containing proteins and activates the NF-kappa-B pathway. Monoubiquitinated on Lys-277 and Lys-309; promotes nuclear export. Polyubiquitinated through 'Lys-27' by TRIM23; involved in antiviral innate and inflammatory responses. Linear polyubiquitinated on Lys-111, Lys-143, Lys-226, Lys-246, Lys-264, Lys-277, Lys-285, Lys-292, Lys-302, Lys-309 and Lys-326; the head-to-tail polyubiquitination is mediated by the LUBAC complex and plays a key role in NF-kappa-B activation. Deubiquitinated by USP10 in a TANK-dependent and -independent manner, leading to the negative regulation of NF-kappa-B signaling upon DNA damage.
Sumoylated on Lys-277 and Lys-309 with SUMO1; the modification results in phosphorylation of Ser-85 by ATM leading to a replacement of the sumoylation by mono-ubiquitination on these residues.
Neddylated by TRIM40, resulting in stabilization of NFKBIA and down-regulation of NF-kappa-B activity.
(Microbial infection) Cleaved by hepatitis A virus (HAV) protease 3C allowing the virus to disrupt the host innate immune signaling.
(Microbial infection) Polyubiquitinated on Lys-309 and Lys-321 via 'Lys-27'-linked ubiquitin by Shigella flexneri E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase ipah9.8, leading to its degradation by the proteasome.
Note: Sumoylated NEMO accumulates in the nucleus in response to genotoxic stress.
Heart, brain, placenta, lung, liver, skeletal muscle, kidney and pancreas.
Homodimer; disulfide-linked. Component of the I-kappa-B-kinase (IKK) core complex consisting of CHUK, IKBKB and IKBKG; probably four alpha/CHUK-beta/IKBKB dimers are associated with four gamma/IKBKG subunits. The IKK core complex seems to associate with regulatory or adapter proteins to form a IKK-signalosome holo-complex. The IKK complex associates with TERF2IP/RAP1, leading to promote IKK-mediated phosphorylation of RELA/p65. Part of a complex composed of NCOA2, NCOA3, CHUK/IKKA, IKBKB, IKBKG and CREBBP. Interacts with COPS3, CYLD, NALP2, TRPC4AP and PIDD1. Interacts with ATM; the complex is exported from the nucleus. Interacts with TRAF6. Interacts with IKBKE. Interacts with TANK; the interaction is enhanced by IKBKE and TBK1. Part of a ternary complex consisting of TANK, IKBKB and IKBKG. Interacts with ZFAND5. Interacts with RIPK2. Interacts with TNIP1 and TNFAIP3; TNIP1 facilitates the TNFAIP3-mediated de-ubiquitination of IKBKG. Interacts with TNFAIP3; the interaction is induced by TNF stimulation and by polyubiquitin. Binds polyubiquitin; the interaction is mediated by two domains; reports about the binding to 'Lys-63'-linked and/or linear polyubiquitin, respective binding affinities and stoichiometry are conflicting. Interacts with NLRP10. Interacts with TANK; this interaction increases in response to DNA damage. Interacts with USP10; this interaction increases in response to DNA damage. Interacts with ZC3H12A; this interaction increases in response to DNA damage. Interacts with IFIT5; the interaction synergizes the recruitment of IKK to MAP3K7 and enhances IKK phosphorylation. Interacts with TRIM29; this interaction induces IKBKG/NEMO ubiquitination and proteolytic degradation. Interacts with TRIM13; this interaction leads to IKBKG/NEMO ubiquitination. Interacts with ARFIP2. Interacts with RIPK1 (By similarity).
(Microbial infection) Interacts with Molluscum contagiosum virus protein MC005; this interaction inhibits NF-kappa-B activation.
(Microbial infection) Interacts with HTLV-1 Tax oncoprotein; the interaction activates IKBKG.
(Microbial infection) Interacts with Shigella flexneri ipah9.8; the interaction promotes TNIP1-dependent 'Lys-27'-linked polyubiquitination of IKBKG which perturbs NF-kappa-B activation during bacterial infection.
The leucine-zipper domain and the CCHC NOA-type zinc-finger are essential for polyubiquitin binding and for the activation of IRF3.
· Human Diseases > Drug resistance: Antineoplastic > Antifolate resistance.
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Bacterial > Epithelial cell signaling in Helicobacter pylori infection.
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Bacterial > Shigellosis.
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Parasitic > Chagas disease (American trypanosomiasis).
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Parasitic > Toxoplasmosis.
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Viral > Hepatitis C.
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Viral > Hepatitis B.
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Viral > Human papillomavirus infection.
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Viral > HTLV-I infection.
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Viral > Herpes simplex infection.
· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Viral > Epstein-Barr virus infection.
· Human Diseases > Cancers: Overview > Viral carcinogenesis.
· Human Diseases > Immune diseases > Primary immunodeficiency.
· Organismal Systems > Endocrine system > Adipocytokine signaling pathway.
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