Product: WNT3A Antibody
Catalog: DF6113
Description: Rabbit polyclonal antibody to WNT3A
Application: WB IHC IF/ICC
Reactivity: Human, Mouse, Rat
Prediction: Pig, Zebrafish, Bovine, Rabbit, Dog, Chicken, Xenopus
Mol.Wt.: 39kDa; 39kD(Calculated).
Uniprot: P56704
RRID: AB_2838080

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 100ul $280 In stock
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Product Info

Source:
Rabbit
Application:
WB 1:500-1:2000, IHC 1:50-1:200, IF/ICC 1:100-500
*The optimal dilutions should be determined by the end user.
*Tips:

WB: For western blot detection of denatured protein samples. IHC: For immunohistochemical detection of paraffin sections (IHC-p) or frozen sections (IHC-f) of tissue samples. IF/ICC: For immunofluorescence detection of cell samples. ELISA(peptide): For ELISA detection of antigenic peptide.

Reactivity:
Human,Mouse,Rat
Prediction:
Pig(88%), Zebrafish(88%), Bovine(88%), Rabbit(88%), Dog(88%), Chicken(88%), Xenopus(88%)
Clonality:
Polyclonal
Specificity:
WNT3A Antibody detects endogenous levels of total WNT3A.
RRID:
AB_2838080
Cite Format: Affinity Biosciences Cat# DF6113, RRID:AB_2838080.
Conjugate:
Unconjugated.
Purification:
The antiserum was purified by peptide affinity chromatography using SulfoLink™ Coupling Resin (Thermo Fisher Scientific).
Storage:
Rabbit IgG in phosphate buffered saline , pH 7.4, 150mM NaCl, 0.02% sodium azide and 50% glycerol. Store at -20 °C. Stable for 12 months from date of receipt.
Alias:

Fold/Unfold

Protein Wnt 3a Precursor; Protein Wnt-3a; Wingless type MMTV integration site family member 3A; Wnt 3a; wnt3a; WNT3A protein; WNT3A_HUMAN;

Immunogens

Immunogen:
Uniprot:
Gene(ID):
Expression:
P56704 WNT3A_HUMAN:

Moderately expressed in placenta and at low levels in adult lung, spleen, and prostate.

Description:
The Wnt family includes several secreted glycoproteins that play important roles in animal development (1). There are 19 Wnt genes in the human genome that encode functionally distinct Wnt proteins (2). Wnt members bind to the Frizzled family of seven-pass transmembrane proteins and activate several signaling pathways (3). The canonical Wnt/β-catenin pathway also requires a coreceptor from the low-density lipoprotein receptor family (4). Aberrant activation of Wnt signaling pathways is involved in several types of cancers (5).
Sequence:
MAPLGYFLLLCSLKQALGSYPIWWSLAVGPQYSSLGSQPILCASIPGLVPKQLRFCRNYVEIMPSVAEGIKIGIQECQHQFRGRRWNCTTVHDSLAIFGPVLDKATRESAFVHAIASAGVAFAVTRSCAEGTAAICGCSSRHQGSPGKGWKWGGCSEDIEFGGMVSREFADARENRPDARSAMNRHNNEAGRQAIASHMHLKCKCHGLSGSCEVKTCWWSQPDFRAIGDFLKDKYDSASEMVVEKHRESRGWVETLRPRYTYFKVPTERDLVYYEASPNFCEPNPETGSFGTRDRTCNVSSHGIDGCDLLCCGRGHNARAERRREKCRCVFHWCCYVSCQECTRVYDVHTCK

Predictions

Predictions:

Score>80(red) has high confidence and is suggested to be used for WB detection. *The prediction model is mainly based on the alignment of immunogen sequences, the results are for reference only, not as the basis of quality assurance.

Species
Results
Score
Pig
88
Bovine
88
Dog
88
Xenopus
88
Zebrafish
88
Chicken
88
Rabbit
88
Horse
0
Sheep
0
Model Confidence:
High(score>80) Medium(80>score>50) Low(score<50) No confidence

PTMs - P56704 As Substrate

Site PTM Type Enzyme
S65 Phosphorylation
N87 N-Glycosylation
Y235 Phosphorylation
S237 Phosphorylation
N298 N-Glycosylation

Research Backgrounds

Function:

Ligand for members of the frizzled family of seven transmembrane receptors (Probable). Functions in the canonical Wnt signaling pathway that results in activation of transcription factors of the TCF/LEF family. Required for normal embryonic mesoderm development and formation of caudal somites. Required for normal morphogenesis of the developing neural tube (By similarity). Mediates self-renewal of the stem cells at the bottom on intestinal crypts (in vitro).

PTMs:

Palmitoleoylation by PORCN is required for efficient binding to frizzled receptors. Palmitoleoylation is required for proper trafficking to cell surface, vacuolar acidification is critical to release palmitoleoylated WNT3A from WLS in secretory vesicles. Depalmitoleoylated by NOTUM, leading to inhibit Wnt signaling pathway, possibly by promoting disulfide bond formation and oligomerization.

Proteolytic processing by TIKI1 and TIKI2 promotes oxidation and formation of large disulfide-bond oligomers, leading to inactivation of WNT3A.

Disulfide bonds have critical and distinct roles in secretion and activity. Loss of each conserved cysteine in WNT3A results in high molecular weight oxidized Wnt oligomers, which are formed through inter-Wnt disulfide bonding.

Subcellular Location:

Secreted>Extracellular space>Extracellular matrix. Secreted.

Extracellular region or secreted Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion Manual annotation Automatic computational assertionSubcellular location
Tissue Specificity:

Moderately expressed in placenta and at low levels in adult lung, spleen, and prostate.

Subunit Structure:

Forms a soluble 1:1 complex with AFM; this prevents oligomerization and is required for prolonged biological activity. The complex with AFM may represent the physiological form in body fluids. Homooligomer; disulfide-linked, leading to inactivation (By similarity). Interacts with PORCN. Interacts with APCDD1 and WLS. Component of the Wnt-Fzd-LRP5-LRP6 signaling complex that contains a WNT protein, a FZD protein and LRP5 or LRP6. Interacts directly in the complex with LRP6. Interacts with glypican GPC3. Interacts with PKD1 (via extracellular domain).

Family&Domains:

Belongs to the Wnt family.

Research Fields

· Cellular Processes > Cellular community - eukaryotes > Signaling pathways regulating pluripotency of stem cells.   (View pathway)

· Environmental Information Processing > Signal transduction > mTOR signaling pathway.   (View pathway)

· Environmental Information Processing > Signal transduction > Wnt signaling pathway.   (View pathway)

· Environmental Information Processing > Signal transduction > Hippo signaling pathway.   (View pathway)

· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Viral > Human papillomavirus infection.

· Human Diseases > Infectious diseases: Viral > HTLV-I infection.

· Human Diseases > Cancers: Overview > Pathways in cancer.   (View pathway)

· Human Diseases > Cancers: Overview > Proteoglycans in cancer.

· Human Diseases > Cancers: Overview > MicroRNAs in cancer.

· Human Diseases > Cancers: Specific types > Basal cell carcinoma.   (View pathway)

· Human Diseases > Cancers: Specific types > Breast cancer.   (View pathway)

· Human Diseases > Cancers: Specific types > Hepatocellular carcinoma.   (View pathway)

· Human Diseases > Cancers: Specific types > Gastric cancer.   (View pathway)

· Organismal Systems > Endocrine system > Melanogenesis.

References

1). Wang W et al. Quercetin induces MGMT+ glioblastoma cells apoptosis via dual inhibition of Wnt3a/β-Catenin and Akt/NF-κB signaling pathways. Phytomedicine 2023 Jun 23;118(154933) (PubMed: 37451151) [IF=7.9]

2). Zhang F et al. Regulation of hepatic stellate cell contraction and cirrhotic portal hypertension by Wnt/β-catenin signalling via interaction with Gli1. British Journal of Pharmacology 2020 Oct 21; (PubMed: 33085791) [IF=7.3]

Application: IF/ICC    Species: Human    Sample: HSCs

FIGURE 2 Wnt/β-catenin signalling promotes HSC contraction. LX2 human HSCs were treated with Wnt3a (50 ng·ml−1), XAV (10 μM), or IWR (5 μM) for 24 h or transfected with β-catenin siRNA with or without Wnt3a (50 ng·ml−1) for 48 h. (a) Collagen gel contraction; n = 5. (b) Cytoskeleton immunofluorescence (400× magnification, scale bars: 10 μm); n = 3. (c) Western blotting of phospho-MLC2; n = 5. (d) Immunofluorescence of phospho-MLC2 (400× magnification, scale bars: 10 μm); n = 3. In (a) and (c), *P 

3). Jia X et al. YAP and Wnt3a independently promote AECIIs proliferation and differentiation by increasing nuclear β‑catenin expression in experimental bronchopulmonary dysplasia. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR MEDICINE 2021 Jan;47(1):195-206. (PubMed: 33236141) [IF=5.4]

Application: WB    Species: Rat    Sample: lung tissues

Figure 2 YAP, Wnt3a and β-catenin expression is decreased in lung tissue affected by BPD. (A) YAP mRNA and (C) protein expression in the lungs. (B) Wnt3a mRNA and (C) protein expression in the lungs. (D) β-catenin protein expression in lung nucleoli. Data are expressed as the means ± SD (n=6). *P<0.05, **P<0.01. (E) YAP and (F) β-catenin expression in IHC-stained lung sections. Scale bar, 40 µm. Expression of (G) SPC and (G) YAP, as well as (H) AQP5 and YAP detected by double IF staining. Scale bar, 40 µm. (I and J) Expression of (I) SPC and β-catenin, as well as (J) AQP5 and β-catenin detected by double IF staining. Scale bar, 40 µm. N, normoxia-exposed rats; H, hyperoxia-exposed rats; SPC, surfactant protein C; AQP5, aquaporin 5; BPD, bronchopulmonary dysplasia.

4). Zeng Q et al. Valproic Acid Stimulates Hippocampal Neurogenesis via Activating the Wnt/β-Catenin Signaling Pathway in the APP/PS1/Nestin-GFP Triple Transgenic Mouse Model of Alzheimer's Disease. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience 2019 Mar 26;11:62 (PubMed: 30971911) [IF=4.8]

Application: WB    Species: mouse    Sample: hippocampus

FIGURE 6 | VPA inhibits glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) activity and stimulates the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. (A) Western blot analysis of total GSK-3β and p-GSK-3βS9(pSer9). GAPDH was used as an internal control. (B) Densitometric analysis of total GSK-3β and p-GSK-3βS9(pSer9). VPA increased pSer9-GSK-3β levels but not total GSK-3β levels in AD mice. (C) Immunoblots of β-catenin, Wnt3a and NeuroD1; β-actin was used as an internal control.

5). Cong J et al. RTEF-1 Inhibits Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Calcification through Regulating Wnt/β-Catenin Signaling Pathway. CALCIFIED TISSUE INTERNATIONAL 2021 Mar 13. (PubMed: 33713163) [IF=4.2]

Application: WB    Species: Human    Sample: VSMCs

Fig. 4 RTEF-1 inhibits β-GP-activated Wnt/β‐catenin signaling pathway in human VSMCs. RTEF-1-overexpressed VSMCs, RTEF-1-siRNA VSMCs, or control VSMCs were treated in the presence of 10 mM β-GP for 9 days (n = 3). A Wnt3a mRNA levels were analyzed by qRT-PCR. B Wnt3a, p-β‐catenin (Ser675), p-β‐catenin (Ser33/37), β‐catenin, p-GSK-3β (Ser9), and GSK-3β protein expression were analyzed by Western blot and quantified by densitometry. C GSK-3β mRNA expression was detected by qRT-PCR. a Western blotting analysis of Wnt3a, p-β‐catenin (Ser675), p-β‐catenin (Ser33/37), p-GSK-3β (Ser9), and GSK-3β. b Western blotting analysis of the ratio of p-β‐catenin (Ser33/37) to β‐catenin protein, c Western blotting analysis of the ratio of p-GSK-3β to GSK-3β protein. Statistical significance was assessed using t-test. All graphs show mean + SD. *P < 0.05 vs. Control. #P < 0.05 vs. NC siRNA

6). Cheng L et al. Exercise Promotes the Osteoinduction of HA/β-TCP Biomaterials via the Wnt Signaling Pathway. Metabolites 2020 Mar 5;10(3) (PubMed: 32151083) [IF=4.1]

Application: WB    Species: mouse    Sample: bone

Figure 5. |(A) Western blot showing the expression of wingless/integrated 1 (Wnt1), Wnt3a, Wnt5a, β‐catenin, and glyceraldehyde‐3 phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) in five groups (n = 3). G1: negative control group; G2: running group; G3: weight‐bearing group; G4: positive control group; Neonatal: the neonatal bone, control.

7). Bai et al. Wnt3a/YTHDF1 Regulated Oxaliplatin-Induced Neuropathic Pain Via TNF-α/IL-18 Expression in the Spinal Cord. Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology 2022 Aug 08; (PubMed: 35939138) [IF=4.0]

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