COX4I1 Antibody - #BF0251
*The optimal dilutions should be determined by the end user.
WB: For western blot detection of denatured protein samples. IHC: For immunohistochemical detection of paraffin sections (IHC-p) or frozen sections (IHC-f) of tissue samples. IF/ICC: For immunofluorescence detection of cell samples. ELISA(peptide): For ELISA detection of antigenic peptide.
Cite Format: Affinity Biosciences Cat# BF0251, RRID:AB_2833839.
AL024441; COX 4; COX IV 1; COX IV; COX IV-1; Cox4; COX41_HUMAN; Cox4a; COX4B; COX4I1; COX4I2; COX4L2; COXIV; Cytochrome c oxidase polypeptide IV; Cytochrome c oxidase subunit 4 isoform 1 mitochondrial; Cytochrome c oxidase subunit 4 isoform 1, mitochondrial; Cytochrome C Oxidase subunit IV; Cytochrome c oxidase subunit IV isoform 1; Cytochrome c oxidase subunit IV isoform 2 (lung); Cytochrome c oxydase subunit 4; dJ857M17.2; MGC105470; MGC72016;
Purified recombinant fragment of human COX4I1 expressed in E. Coli.
PTMs - P13073 As Substrate
Component of the cytochrome c oxidase, the last enzyme in the mitochondrial electron transport chain which drives oxidative phosphorylation. The respiratory chain contains 3 multisubunit complexes succinate dehydrogenase (complex II, CII), ubiquinol-cytochrome c oxidoreductase (cytochrome b-c1 complex, complex III, CIII) and cytochrome c oxidase (complex IV, CIV), that cooperate to transfer electrons derived from NADH and succinate to molecular oxygen, creating an electrochemical gradient over the inner membrane that drives transmembrane transport and the ATP synthase. Cytochrome c oxidase is the component of the respiratory chain that catalyzes the reduction of oxygen to water. Electrons originating from reduced cytochrome c in the intermembrane space (IMS) are transferred via the dinuclear copper A center (CU(A)) of subunit 2 and heme A of subunbit 1 to the active site in subunit 1, a binuclear center (BNC) formed by heme A3 and copper B (CU(B)). The BNC reduces molecular oxygen to 2 water molecules using 4 electrons from cytochrome c in the IMS and 4 protons from the mitochondrial matrix.
Mitochondrion inner membrane>Single-pass membrane protein.
Component of the cytochrome c oxidase (complex IV, CIV), a multisubunit enzyme composed of 14 subunits. The complex is composed of a catalytic core of 3 subunits MT-CO1, MT-CO2 and MT-CO3, encoded in the mitochondrial DNA, and 11 supernumerary subunits COX4I1 (or COX4I2), COX5A, COX5B, COX6A1 (or COX6A2), COX6B1 (or COX6B2), COX6C, COX7A2 (or COX7A1), COX7B, COX7C, COX8A and NDUFA4, which are encoded in the nuclear genome. The complex exists as a monomer or a dimer and forms supercomplexes (SCs) in the inner mitochondrial membrane with NADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase (complex I, CI) and ubiquinol-cytochrome c oxidoreductase (cytochrome b-c1 complex, complex III, CIII), resulting in different assemblies (supercomplex SCI(1)III(2)IV(1) and megacomplex MCI(2)III(2)IV(2)). Interacts with AFG1L. Interacts with PHB2; the interaction decreases in absence of SPHK2 (By similarity).
Belongs to the cytochrome c oxidase IV family.
· Human Diseases > Endocrine and metabolic diseases > Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).
· Human Diseases > Neurodegenerative diseases > Alzheimer's disease.
· Human Diseases > Neurodegenerative diseases > Parkinson's disease.
· Human Diseases > Neurodegenerative diseases > Huntington's disease.
· Metabolism > Energy metabolism > Oxidative phosphorylation.
· Metabolism > Global and overview maps > Metabolic pathways.
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